LabVIEW Core 1 Exercises

September 12, 2017 | Author: PaMe LiTa | Category: Control Flow, License, Data Type, Trademark, Copyright
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LabVIEW Core 1 Exercises

Course Software Version 2012 August 2012 Edition Part Number 325291D-01 LabVIEW Core 1 Exercises Copyright © 1993–2012 National Instruments. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this publication may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, storing in an information retrieval system, or translating, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of National Instruments Corporation. National Instruments respects the intellectual property of others, and we ask our users to do the same. NI software is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. Where NI software may be used to reproduce software or other materials belonging to others, you may use NI software only to reproduce materials that you may reproduce in accordance with the terms of any applicable license or other legal restriction.

End-User License Agreements and Third-Party Legal Notices You can find end-user license agreements (EULAs) and third-party legal notices in the following locations: • Notices are located in the \_Legal Information and directories. • EULAs are located in the \Shared\MDF\Legal\license directory. • Review \_Legal Information.txt for more information on including legal information in installers built with NI products.

Trademarks LabVIEW, National Instruments, NI, ni.com, the National Instruments corporate logo, and the Eagle logo are trademarks of National Instruments Corporation. Refer to the Trademark Information at ni.com/trademarks for other National Instruments trademarks. Other product and company names mentioned herein are trademarks or trade names of their respective companies.

Patents For patents covering National Instruments products/technology, refer to the appropriate location: Help»Patents in your software, the patents.txt file on your media, or the National Instruments Patent Notice at ni.com/patents.

Implementing a VI

3

Complete the exercises in this lesson to reinforce the concepts you learn in Lesson 3 of LabVIEW Core 1.

Exercises Exercise 3-1

Temperature Warnings VI

Exercise 3-2

Auto Match VI

Exercise 3-3

Concept: While Loops versus For Loops

Exercise 3-4

Temperature Monitor VI—Average Temperature

Exercise 3-5

Temperature Monitor VI—Plot Multiple Temperatures

Exercise 3-6

Temperature Warnings VI—With Error Handling

LabVIEW Core 1 Exercises

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Lesson 3

Implementing a VI

Exercise 3-1

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3-2

Temperature Warnings VI

Goal Create and document a simple VI.

Scenario You must create a portion of a larger project. The lead developer gives you the inputs of the VI, the algorithm, and the expected outputs. Your task is to create and document a VI based on the given design.

Design Use the following flowchart and input/output list to create a VI that displays temperature warnings. This VI is part of the temperature weather station project studied throughout the course.

Flowchart The flowchart in Figure 3-1 illustrates the data flow for this design. Figure 3-1. Temperature Warnings VI Flowchart

Current Temp >= Max Temp?

No

Yes Warning Text = Heatstroke Warning

Warning Text = No Warning

Current Temp = Min Max Temp Yes

Create Error

No

Current Temp Min Temp >= MaxTemp Temp Max Yes Output Heatstroke Warning and TRUE

No

Current Temp Min Temp

No

Output No Warning and FALSE

Yes Output Freeze Warning and TRUE

Output Upper Limit < Lower Limit and TRUE

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Lesson 3

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The original block diagram for the Temperature Warnings VI appears in Figure 3-20. You must add a Case structure to the Temperature Warnings VI to execute the code if the maximum temperature is less than or equal to the minimum temperature. Otherwise, the VI does not execute the code. Instead, the VI generates a new string and the Warning? indicator is set to TRUE. Figure 3-20. Original Temperature Warnings VI Block Diagram

Implementation 1. Open Weather Warnings.lvproj in the \LabVIEW Core 1\Weather Warnings directory. 2. Open Temperature Warnings.vi from the Project Explorer window. You created the Temperature Warnings VI in Exercise 3-1.

3. Place an Error In and Error Out cluster on the front panel as shown in Figure 3-21. Figure 3-21. Temperature Warnings VI Front Panel with Error Clusters

4. Open the block diagram and create space to add the Case structure.

 Select the Current Temperature, Max Temperature, Min Temperature, and Error In control terminals. Tip

To select more than one item press the key while you select the items.

 While the terminals are still selected, use the left arrow key on the keyboard to move the controls to the left. Tip

Press and hold the key to move the objects in five pixel increments.

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Lesson 3

Implementing a VI

Tip

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Press the key and use the Positioning tool to drag out a region of the size you want to insert.

 Select the Warning?, Warning Text, and Error Out indicator terminals.  Align the terminals by clicking the Align Objects»Left Edges button in the LabVIEW toolbar.  While the terminals are still selected, use the right arrow key on the keyboard to move the indicators to the right. 5. Modify the block diagram similar to that shown in Figure 3-22, Figure 3-23, and Figure 3-24. This VI is part of the temperature weather station project.

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3-38

Figure 3-22. Temperature Warnings VI Block Diagram—No Error, False Case 2

1

4

3

1

Less?—Compares the Max Temperature and Min Temperature. Make sure the Less? function is outside the Case structure.

2

Case Structure—Do not include the Current Temperature, Max Temperature, Min Temperature, Error In, Warning?, Warning Text, or Error Out terminals in the Case structure because these controls and indicators are used by both cases.

3

Set True and False cases—With the True case visible, right-click the border of the Case structure and select Make this Case False.

4

Case Structure—Wire the Error In terminal to the selector terminal to create No Error and Error cases. By default, the Case structure has True and False cases. These cases change to Error and No Error cases only after you wire Error In to the selector terminal.

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Lesson 3

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Figure 3-23. Temperature Warnings VI—No Error, True Case 1

2

3

1

True case—If the Max Temperature is set lower than the Min Temperature, the True case executes. Click the case selector label to choose the True case.

2

True Constant—When the True case executes, the Warning? LED illuminates.

3

String Constant—If the Max Temperature is set lower than the Min Temperature, the warning Upper Limit < Lower Limit displays on the front panel. Enter the text in the String Constant.

6. Create the Error case in the outer Case structure so this VI can be used as a subVI. Figure 3-24. Temperature Warnings VI—Error Case

7. Save the VI.

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Lesson 3

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Test 1. Switch to the front panel of the VI. 2. Resize the Warning Text indicator to a length to accommodate the new string. 3. Test the VI by entering values from Table 3-4 in the Current Temperature, Max Temperature, and Min Temperature controls and running the VI for each set of data. Table 3-4 shows the expected Warning Text and Warning? Boolean value for each set of data. Table 3-4. Testing Values for Determine Warnings VI Current Temperature

Max Temperature

Min Temperature

Warning Text

Warning?

30

30

10

Heatstroke Warning

True

25

30

10

No Warning

False

10

30

10

Freeze Warning

True

25

20

30

Upper Limit < Lower Limit

True

4. Test the Error case. To use this VI as a subVI, the VI must be able to handle an error coming into the VI. Test the Error case to make sure that this VI can output the error information it receives.

 On the front panel, use the Operating tool to click the status Boolean indicator inside the Error In cluster so that the indicator turns red and enter 7 in the code control.

 Run the VI. The error information you entered passes through the Error case in the VI and is output in the Error Out cluster.  Display the block diagram, select the No Error case, highlight execution, and then run the VI again to see the error pass through the Error case.  On the front panel, right-click the border of the Error Out cluster and select Explain Error to display information about the error that was returned. 5. Save and close the VI.

End of Exercise 3-6

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